Marc Marquez obliterated the Misano lap record to seal the sixth MotoGP pole of his rookie season.
Yamaha pair Jorge Lorenzo and Valentino Rossi will share the front row with the Spaniard, with Dani Pedrosa heading Cal Crutchlow and Aspar CRT rider Aleix Espargaro on row two.
Marquez came into the session as favourite after scoring a clean sweep of every practice session, although he had also suffered a fall at Turn 13 in the final session just 15 minutes before qualifying began.
That did nothing to disrupt his momentum however and, after Lorenzo briefly headed the timesheets, he hit the front with a 1m33.404s. That ultimately would have been enough for pole, but on his final flyer Marquez broke new ground when he became the first MotoGP rider to lap Misano in the 1m32s bracket, shattering Casey Stoner's previous lap record.
Lorenzo had got to within three hundredths of Marquez before that late improvement, but was forced to settle for second, half a second down. Rossi, meanwhile, secured his first front row since the Sachsenring in July as he came home third, two tenths up on Pedrosa.
As he did so he also helped tow Espargaro to an incredible sixth, with the Spaniard – the only CRT rider to make it into the pole shootout – beating the satellite Hondas and works Ducatis to sixth.
Stefan Bradl was 0.07sec down the road in seventh, leaving him at the head of a third row he will share with Gresini's Alvaro Bautista and Andrea Dovizioso. Nicky Hayden, Michele Pirro and Andrea Iannone complete an all-Ducati row four.
Crutchlow had been forced to participate in Q1 for the first time this year after struggling during practice, but alongside Pirro was able to escape into Q2 and found sizeable gains to capture fifth.
Tech 3 teammate Bradley Smith could not do the same and was knocked out in Q1, and will therefore start ahead of Colin Edwards and Hiroshi Aoyama in 13th place.
Pos Rider Bike Time Gap
1. Marc Marquez Honda 1m32.915s
2. Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha 1m33.428s +0.513s
3. Valentino Rossi Yamaha 1m33.573s +0.658s
4. Dani Pedrosa Honda 1m33.726s +0.811s
5. Cal Crutchlow Tech 3 Yamaha 1m34.014s +1.099s
6. Aleix Espargaro Aspar Aprilia 1m34.028s +1.113s
7. Stefan Bradl LCR Honda 1m34.098s +1.183s
8. Alvaro Bautista Gresini Honda 1m34.230s +1.315s
9. Andrea Dovizioso Ducati 1m34.338s +1.423s
10. Nicky Hayden Ducati 1m34.362s +1.447s
11. Michele Pirro Pramac Ducati 1m34.467s +1.552s
12. Andrea Iannone Pramac Ducati 1m34.519s +1.604s
13. Bradley Smith Tech 3 Yamaha 1m34.869s +1.954s
14. Colin Edwards Forward FTR-Kawasaki 1m35.174s +2.259s
15. Hiroshi Aoyama Avintia FTR-Kawasaki 1m35.534s +2.619s
16. Randy de Puniet Aspar Aprilia 1m35.596s +2.681s
17. Hector Barbera Avintia FTR-Kawasaki 1m35.866s +2.951s
18. Claudio Corti Forward FTR-Kawasaki 1m35.885s +2.970s
19. Danilo Petrucci Ioda-Suter-BMW 1m36.027s +3.112s
20. Michael Laverty PBM-Aprilia 1m36.788s +3.873s
21. Yonny Hernandez PBM Aprilia 1m36.844s +3.929s
22. Karel Abraham Cardion Aprilia 1m36.877s +3.962s
23. Bryan Staring Gresini FTR-Honda 1m37.283s +4.368s
24. Lukas Pesek Ioda-Suter-BMW 1m37.886s +4.971s