Q. Another question to all of you. A lot has been talked about spare cars. The new tire supplier, whoever that may be, and also testing. It is suggested that the amount you spend on simulation is almost more than it would be on testing. Is there a case for opening up the testing a little bit, particularly towards the end of this year when you have got a new tire supplier as well? How difficult is that going to be to balance?
AP: I think we have reached a very delicate balance over the last couple of years. Thanks to a number of the bigger teams, if I may say, as well as others we have got the costs down to a very much lower level than they were and we have a program over the next two years to reduce them further under the Resource Restriction Agreement, which is a voluntary agreement within FOTA. I am very concerned that we don't chuck that all out because very few things that one could do are actually going to improve the show very much or at all and they are certainly going to increase costs. I think we are still in a very fragile economy at the moment. If you look at the composition of the Formula 1 grid for next year in particular I think you will find that the vast majority of teams are not in a position to increase spending at all and many need to reduce spending quite significantly. I think this is not the moment to start changing things that are going to increase costs. Maybe we can come back to that in the future but not for now.
Q. Franz, you would presumably like to increase the experience your drivers have on the circuit?
FT: Yeah, but as Adam said, everything is a balance. It is a question of money, simple as that. To increase the testing means simply to recruit a test team, to build up once more the infrastructure for a test team and this costs money and normally I say every second you are not on the race track is a loss for your life and therefore I would like to go testing. But it is simply how to finance everything and currently within FOTA and within Formula 1 we have worked out a good solution. We test on Friday for the races and I think this is quite a good balance. Regarding your other question, the third car, there is always an incident where you say 'oh, if we now had a third car it would be better.' The next step would be a fourth car as we had in Monaco a couple of years ago. Once more we have to find the balance of the expenses and of the income and I think we are now on the correct way. Don't forget that to this year and especially next year the Resource Restriction Agreement will also come into play and to bring everything under one cover is not so easy.
SD: Well, on one side I give you the principle that Adam and Franz said. But on the other side we need to be careful not to lose the focus also on the show and the supporters. I am speaking about, for example, what happened to us in Monte Carlo. We did that for a good reason, no doubt about it. If you look what was the position of all the tifosi that were there and were waiting to see him getting out but it was not possible as it was not possible to change the chassis. Also on that side we need to be a bit more balance maybe. I think that it is an item that maybe in a way to keep the limitation that we have, has in my view to be discussed to be more balanced. With regards to testing I think next year with in any case a change of tires it will be crucial not to arrive at the last minute without any proper testing, otherwise maybe we will have big problems during the race weekend which is what we don't want. Maybe, and this is another point that we are thinking, to see without changing and going back to test team recruitment as this is not correct and is totally wrong, but to see if we can select a different weekend format or extended day for testing in order to make sure we can do a little bit more. This is my position.
Q. Presumably you would have to ask the tire company to produce more testing as well as, for example this year, you have actually reduced the number of tires?
SD: Yes, this is our point on the agenda that we have to discuss with the tire manufacturer as soon as we have decided and we know who will be the supplier for next year. But I would not underestimate the fact that in a new scenario with the actual limitation of testing it would be a point of attention.
RB: I think as Adam said the economy is very delicate at the moment and we need to be careful to take a view for all the teams in Formula 1. I think Formula 1 is heading to a stage where the costs involved have been controlled and have been significantly reduced and will be further reduced in the future. Mercedes GP or Mercedes came in Formula 1 with their own team because of their belief that those costs would be controlled in the future and this wouldn't be a spending competition. It would be responsible and we don't want to be involved in that sort of form of Formula 1. We want to be involved in a Formula 1 which is still the pinnacle of motor racing but which rewards the challenge, rewards the innovation of engineers and takes a slightly different direction than perhaps the direction it has been in, in the last few years.
I think on the separate points, it was unfortunate that Fernando could not continue and I think we can look at that in detail and see if we can find a better set of regulations to cover issues like that as we don't want to lose cars from qualifying. Clearly we need to have some specific testing to make sure the tires are sorted properly. We need to manage that.
I think on the subject of testing overall, we mustn't go back to having separate test teams. If there is any testing introduced it has to be integrated in a way that we don't need extra personnel to do it. That is a big challenge as we have got a lot of races coming up now. I think there are 20 races next year and all of us are having to look at how we manage our people and how they can cope with 20 races. Fantastic that we have got 20 races and I am not complaining. But there is a pressure now on how we can manage that with our people and maybe we have to start rotating a few of them and along with that we certainly don't need to have a separate test team. I think things have gone in a very good direction and I think we should massage it a little bit more, not change direction fundamentally.
Q. Two questions for Ross: the first is on the F-duct. Are you happy with it today, and will you use it in the race? And the second is about Nico Rosberg. He suffered in Barcelona with the new pieces on the car. Did you find why he was suffering and what did you do to make him more comfortable?
RB: The F-duct for us is an on-going project. Having just said that we shouldn't test, we're crying out for some testing to get the F-duct sorted out because undoubtedly McLaren were very smart in getting their system working over the winter and for everyone who is trying to get their systems to work it's a massive challenge. So we're not where we want to be with the F-duct but at each race we make a little step forward. I don't truly have an answer for what happened with Nico in Barcelona, why we didn't find the time. He's driving the car here, which is the long wheelbase car and he's reasonably happy with it. You do get races where it doesn't quite come together and so no, there isn't a black and white answer for Barcelona but he's reasonably happy with the car here.
Q. Given what you've just been saying about the economy and the need to be careful, you're talking about going to 20 races and there's even talk of going beyond that to maybe 24. How do these elements combine? More races don't cost you more money?
FT: Normally, you earn money doing the races. Tests cost money, because you don't get anything.
RB: There's an agreement with Bernie that the more races we do, the more money the teams get, so we've got to make sure that the money we get is more than the money we spend – which is not easy with Bernie.
AP: The costs of an F1 team are largely fixed as well. All the design and most of the manufacturing is fixed. I don't think drivers get more money per race and in fact they generally complain about how little driving they do. If the races are in the right places at the right times on the right terms, then it should improve our income.
RB: To be clear, we're all delighted that they're increasing the number of races. We just need to manage the situation properly because especially the races which are coming up, they're great for Formula 1, so we will support them 100 percent. There are consumables involved: we use more engines, we use more brakes, we use things like that. We've got flights, we've got hotels but as Adam said, a lot of the core costs are spent before you even go to the first race.
SD: I hope it's not 24, to be honest, because I always thought about 20. But that's my personal view. I like other things. Anyway, I don't know if we've discussed 24 but if there's more money, as we said, it's good. For me, twenty is a good number.
Q. Is anybody interested in going over 20?
AP: I think we've talked about it in the context of floating the idea of changing the weekend format, if that were possible. Just to go to 24 races with the long weekend like we have now would be very difficult logistically. Maybe in the context of a different structure for the weekend I think it might be interesting.
RB: I think there's a step change, where you get to a certain number and you have to start taking on duplicate crews, like they do in NASCAR. That first step change is quite expensive, so it can be done – but we need to make sure it's managed properly.